2/4 "Families" players try to get the control of Sicily: they throw the die and move around a 8-shaped pattern, getting control of the cases. Some of them have also positive or negative effects.
Families are composed of a Boss and several young members. They can also fight each other and steal posses of cases of other families. Another player is the Italian State, using a Prefetto, three Carabinieri (military police) units and a secret services man. He must arrest all the Mafia men he can.
Mafia is a simple game with an unusual setting, that aroused some discussion in Italian newspapers when it came out.